COMRADES (Collective Platform for Community Resilience and Social Innovation during Crises, www.comrades-project.eu) aims to empower communities with intelligent socio-technical solutions to help them reconnect, respond to, and recover from crisis situations.
This deliverable reviews theories, conceptual frameworks, standards (e.g., BS 11200 and ISO 22320-2011) and indicators of community resilience. It analyses relevant use cases and reports of resilience around various type of crises.
These assessments enable the project team to present a definition of community resilience that is tailored specifically to the needs and aims of the COMRADES project, which focuses on the role of information and technology as a driver of community resilience.
The project’s stance to improve resilience can therefore be summarized by:
- Continuously enhancing community resilience through ICT, instead of focusing on specific shocks or disruptive events.
- Enabling a broad range of actors to acquire a relevant, consistent and coherent understanding of a stressing situation.
- Empower decision makers and trigger community engagement on response and recovery efforts, including long-term mitigation and preparation.
The deliverable uses this definition and the project’s overall understanding of community resilience, as presented in the review sections, to specify initial design and functional requirements for adopting and integrating resilience procedures and methodologies into the COMRADES collective resilience platform. At the same time, we develop an evaluation framework that enables us to measure the contribution of the COMRADES resilience platform to building community resilience.
Finally, we outline three prototypical crisis scenarios that will enable the project development, test and evaluation. As such, the deliverable informs the design of the community workshops and interviews planned that will be conducted in T2.2 and T2.3, as well as the work of technology development, particularly in WP5.